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Bankart Repair

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Bankart Repair

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Bankart Repair Surgery in Dubai at Emirates Hospitals Group. The shoulder joint, with its remarkable range of motion, is also vulnerable to instability. A Bankart repair addresses a specific type of instability caused by a labral tear. At Emirates Hospitals Group, we understand the importance of a stable shoulder for an active lifestyle. Our department is led by some of the best orthopedic surgeons in Dubai, having UK and German board certifications. This ensures that the patients receive the highest quality care and the most effective treatments for shoulder instability issues like Bankart lesions. Our clinic is committed to restoring shoulder stability and function, ensuring patients regain their mobility and quality of life.

Bankart Repair

The labrum is a ring of cartilage that lines the socket of the shoulder joint, providing stability and depth. A Bankart lesion is a specific type of labral tear that occurs at the front of the labrum, often due to a shoulder dislocation. This tear can lead to recurrent instability, meaning the shoulder may dislocate again with minimal force. A Bankart repair is a surgical procedure designed to reattach the torn labrum to the rim of the socket, restoring stability and preventing future dislocations.

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Symptoms Indicating the Need for a Bankart Repair

While some individuals may experience a single shoulder dislocation without recurrence, others experience ongoing instability. Here’s what to watch out for:

  • Recurrent Shoulder Dislocations: Repeated episodes of the shoulder dislocating from its socket are a clear sign of instability.
  • Apprehension: A feeling of apprehension or fear that the shoulder might dislocate again, even with minor movements.
  • Pain: Pain along the front of the shoulder, especially with activities that involve overhead movements.
  • Catching or locking: A sensation of the shoulder catching or locking in a certain position.
  • Reduced range of motion: Difficulty raising your arm overhead or behind your back due to instability.

Diagnosis of a Bankart Lesion

Our experienced doctors at Emirates Hospitals Group will conduct a thorough evaluation to diagnose a Bankart lesion. This typically involves:

  • Detailed Medical History: Your doctor will inquire about your history of shoulder dislocations, any injuries, and your activity level.
  • Physical Examination: The doctor will assess your shoulder for tenderness, swelling, range of motion, and stability. Specific tests will be performed to check for instability and laxity (looseness) in the joint.
  • Imaging Tests: X-rays can reveal bone abnormalities. An MRI scan is the gold standard for visualizing soft tissues like the labrum and surrounding structures.

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When is a Bankart Repair Recommended?

Not all shoulder dislocations require surgery. However, a Bankart repair may be recommended for:

  • Young, active individuals: Those with a high risk of future dislocations due to their activity level.
  • Individuals with recurrent dislocations: Those who have experienced multiple dislocations, even with minimal force.
  • Patients with a large labral tear: The size and location of the tear can influence the decision for surgery.

Bankart Repair Procedure 

A Bankart repair is typically performed arthroscopically, a minimally invasive surgical technique. During the procedure:

  • An arthroscope (a tiny camera) and surgical instruments are inserted through small incisions.
  • The surgeon visualizes the labral tear and surrounding structures.
  • Bone anchors or sutures are used to reattach the torn labrum to the rim of the socket.

Recovery Process and Protocols After Bankart Repair

The recovery process after a Bankart repair takes dedication and commitment. Our team at Emirates Hospitals Group will guide you through every step:

  • Immobilization: A sling or brace may be used initially to restrict shoulder movement and promote healing.
  • Pain Management: We will prescribe medication to manage pain during the initial recovery period.
  • Physical Therapy: Rehabilitation plays a vital role in regaining strength, flexibility, and stability in your shoulder. A dedicated physical therapist will design a personalized program to progressively strengthen your muscles and improve joint stability.
  • Gradual Return to Activity: Your doctor and physical therapist will guide you back to your regular activities in a safe and controlled manner. Full recovery from a Bankart repair can take 4-6 months or even longer, depending on the complexity of the procedure and your individual progress.

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Frequently Asked Questions

A Bankart lesion is a tear or detachment of the labrum (cartilage) from the shoulder socket (glenoid). It often occurs after a traumatic shoulder dislocation. This tear compromises the shoulder’s stability, leading to recurrent episodes of instability or dislocation during certain movements or activities.

While discomfort is expected post-surgery, pain management protocols are in place to minimize discomfort. Patients typically receive pain medications and are guided on proper rehabilitation techniques to aid in a smooth recovery.

Recovery times vary, but patients generally wear a sling for several weeks to support the shoulder as it heals. Physical therapy starts early to regain range of motion and strength gradually. Full recovery to pre-injury activities can take several months, depending on individual healing and rehabilitation progress.

Candidates for Bankart repair surgery are typically individuals who have experienced recurrent shoulder instability or dislocations due to a Bankart lesion. A thorough evaluation by an orthopedic surgeon, including physical examination and imaging studies, determines the appropriateness of surgery based on the severity of the condition and the patient’s lifestyle goals.

Last update date: 27-06-2024

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