What is blood pressure?
The pressure that the blood pumped from the heart applies while circulating in the vessels is called “blood pressure”. It is divided into two as systolic and diastolic. In a healthy adult, systolic blood pressure is highest at 120mmHg and diastolic blood pressure is highest at 80mmHg. Blood pressure that goes above these normal values is called “hypertension”.
What are the symptoms?
- Frequent urination (especially at night)
- Blurred or double vision
- Swelling of the legs
- Difficulty in walking and climbing stairs
- Shortness of breath
- Fatigue, tiredness, reluctance
- Nose bleeds
- Irregular heartbeat and heart pain
- Dizziness and headache
What is Malignant Hypertension?
Particular attention should be paid to symptoms of malignant hypertension known as very high blood pressure. These symptoms can be listed as follows; throbbing headache, nausea, vomiting, visual impairment (double vision), dizziness, tongue pinching, facial or body tingling, and sometimes kidney failure.
What are the reasons?
- Consuming a high amount of salt
- Eating foods that contain insufficient amounts of calcium, potassium, and magnesium
- Sedebtary life style
- Intracranial pressure’s being high
- Aortic stenosis
- Crohn’s and Cushing’s disease, which is seen due to excessive secretion of cortisone or aldesterone hormones secreted from the kidney.
- Kidney tumors
- Acute or chronic kidney diseases
- Narrowing of the kidney vessels
- Thyroid gland diseases
- Diabetes (diabetes)
- Cholesterol height
- Common cold medicines such as cold medicines, decongestants, some painkillers, birth control pills, cocaine and amphetamines.
- Overweight (obesity)
- Alcohol and smoking
How is it treated?
After evaluating the conditions causing high blood pressure, it is first necessary to try to eliminate these factors. For example, if the patient is over the ideal weight, a healthy and appropriate nutrition program should be organized to lose weight. Fruit consumption should be increased, salt consumption should be minimized. In order to maintain cholesterol order, foods with high saturated fat rate are removed from the nutrition program. Patients who do not move much during the day are recommended regular physical activity (walking) to regulate their blood pressure. Patients who use alcohol or cigarettes are advised to give up these harmful habits. If, despite all this, blood pressure does not return to normal values, drug therapy is started. The person should definitely use their district regularly, and never change the dosage of the drug without the doctor’s advice.