Various inflammatory conditions seen in the urinary system are called “urinary tract infections“. Urethritis is an infection in the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body and cystitis is the infection in the bladder; the infection occurs in the kidneys when urine leaks back from the bladder to the kidneys due to an anatomical disorder in the urinary tract is called pyelonephritis.
Urinary tract infection is more common in women because the tube called “urethra”, which carries urine out of the bladder, is shorter in women.
Symptoms of urinary tract infection are as follows;
- Frequent urination
- Pain or burning when urinating
- blood in urine
- Stinking urine
- Pelvic (lower abdomen) pain, especially in women
- Pain under the ribs on the back or side
- Nausea and / or vomiting
- Despite the feeling of tightness, making only a small amount of urine
There is no bacteria, virus or fungus in the urine of a healthy person. Urinary tract infection occurs when microbes (naturally occurring bacillus bacteria) in the digestive system enter the urinary tract and begin to multiply. In addition, sexually transmitted infections such as herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia and mycoplasma can lead to urinary tract infections, especially urethritis.
- Urine test
- Urine Culture
- Kidney and Bladder Ultrasound
- Computed Tomography (CT)
Antibiotic drugs are generally used in the treatment of urinary tract infections. Infection decreases in a few days with the use of antibiotics. Sometimes pain medications and antispasmodic drugs can be added to the treatment.
What is good for urinary tract infection?
People with urinary tract infections should clean the bladder by drinking plenty of water. For this, it is recommended to take at least 2 liters of fluid per day. Thus, the growth of active bacteria and the progression of the infection are prevented. Consumption of water or herbal teas is best to promote healing. On the other hand, drinks that irritate the bladder, such as coffee, alcohol and lemon juice should not be consumed too often.
To Minimize Urinary Tract Infection Risk
- Consume plenty of water
- Avoid urine retention
- Cleanthe toilet from front to back
- Cleanse the genital area before and after sexual intercourse
- Urinate after sexual intercourse
- Avoid the use of soap in genital area cleaning
- Replace sanitary pads frequently
- Wear cotton underwear and avoiding tight, fitting clothing
See Also: Sexual Infection